The Geeta is a divine song conveying spiritual gospel revealed by Lord Krishna 5200 years ago to his beloved disciple – Arjun. The Geeta is a poetic dialogue between a divine teacher and a dedicated disciple.
There is only one Geeta in this universe. Where are different Geeta? More than five thousand years ago the civilization was smouldering in the violent inferno of hatred. Large armies of Kauravas and Pandavas stood facing each other for war. Amidst them Lord Krishna sermonised the Geeta, but there were only two listeners. One was Arjun, while other listener was Sanjay who was listening from afar. They both were blessed with divine vision and comprehension – the former was blessed by Lord Krishna whereas the latter was gifted by Ved Vyas. There are only two listeners, whereas ears and eyes of others were open, but none could listen or observe anything. Those millions of eyes and ears didn’t have the power or capacity to perceive or understand it.
What were the inner feelings and emotions of Shri Krishna when he preached the Geeta? All inner feelings cannot be expressed in words. Some can be told, some are expressed through the body language, and the rest are to be realized and experienced by a seeker through devotion. Only after attaining the state which Shri Krishna had been in, an accomplished teacher understand what Geeta says. He simply does not reiterate verses of the Geeta but, in fact, gives expressions to the inner meaning of the Geeta. It is possible to see the same picture which was there when Shri Krishna preached the Geeta. He therefore, sees the real meaning, can show it to us, can evoke the inner feelings and teachings that would lead us on the path of Enlightenment.
Rev. Shri Paramahansji Maharaj’ was also an enlightened teacher of such an exalted spiritual state and the implication of his words and blessings to grasp the inner feelings of the Geeta itself is the ‘Yatharth Geeta’
This Geeta contains the complete description of the dynamic meditation system of the research that gives revelation and attainment to the self, which is the absolute spirituality of India and also the basic source of the prevailing religions’ of the whole world. It further concludes that the Supreme Being is one, the action to attain is one, the grace is one and the result, too, is one and that is the vision of the supreme Being, for attainment of godliness and eternal life of supreme joy and eternal grace – “Sachidanand”
The author of the Yatharth Geeta is a saint who is devoid of worldly education, yet is eternally organized by the grace of accomplished Guru, which became possible after a long practice of penance and meditation. He considers writing as an obstacle on the path to the Supreme Beatitude, yet his directions became the cause for his treatise. The Supreme Being had revealed to him that all his inherent mental attitudes have been nullified excepting a minor one writing of ‘Yatharth Geeta”. Initially he had tried his best to cut this attitude too, through meditation, but the higher directive prevailed. Thus the treatise, “Yatharth Geeta” became possible. As such the Yatharth Geeta is an incarnated exposition of divine gospel truth through Shreemad Bhagawad Geeta. This cannot be comprehended with the intellect.
But would this knowledge be enlightening?” Yogeshwar Krishna says – “No”. The lord said,” Arjun! You should approach a holy spiritual saint with pure conscience and seek out this divine knowledge. Those learned saints who have understood the true essence of spirituality would pass on this knowledge to you.
Lord Krishna said, “Arjun, knowing this divine knowledge, you will never again be a prey like this to attachment, and equipped with this knowledge you will see all beings within yourself and then within me. Even if you are the most heinous sinner, the ark of knowledge will carry you safely across the river if all evils. Undoubtedly nothing in the world is more purifying than this knowledge and your heart will realize it spontaneously when you have attained to perfection on the Way of Action. The worshipper of true faith who has subdued his senses attains to this knowledge and at the very moment (of attainment) he is rewarded with the benediction of supreme peace.
There is no doubt that such knowledge leads to divine revelation. Having learnt that you will never have any doubt in your life. You will realize the benefit of such knowledge not in the beginning or in between, but only in the final mature state. Your soul would realize its true essence in the matured stages of Yoga.
In the Geeta, replying to the question, Arjun is advised to obtain this knowledge from sages through reverence, inquiry and guileless solicitation, for only these wise souls who are aware of the reality can initiate him into it. Close proximity to an accomplished sage, asking him sincere questions, and rendering of humble service to him constitute the means of realization.
The way of securing knowledge, the worthwhile knowledge, and the knower constitute the threefold inspiration to worship, the doer, the agents, and the deed itself are the three-folds constituents of “worship”
There are over ten thousand commentaries of Geeta and all of them are worthy of honours. All of them direct one to the spiritual path in accordance with faith in it, but Yathartha Geeta differs on certain issues :-
1. Till date whoever has heard about Geeta has realised that, this scripture was instrumental in the great terrible war of Mahabharat. Although the war was fought, Yathartha Geeta says that, a war fought in accordance with Geeta is not a war among the living beings but obliterates the existence between the nature and the Supreme Being and the result at last is universal conquest. This is a war within oneself.
2. The readers of this say that, it sermonises to do one’s duty without any desire of reward. Whatever one does, it should be done without any desire of reward. But, Yathartha Geeta clarifies, the Karma that Lord Krishna indicates is in true sense Karma ‘Aradhana’ – rumination of divine duty. The ritual of Yoga is Yajna and the process of putting it into practice is the karma. This is a new definition.
3. The moment people hear the word – Yajna, they would conjure up vision of a pyre where Sesame seeds, clarified butter etc. offered in the holy fire. But according to Yathartha Geeta the whole universe – animate and inanimate – are the ingredients of offerings for the holy fire. The expanse of our mind is universe. The result of he holy ritual is achieved when the existence of the expanse of mind is obliterated and what remains is the perception of Supreme Being – “The omnipotent Brahma, its feel, entry within and the divine state! Acquiescence of the divine blessings !!
4. Having read the Geeta a saint divided the human society into different high and low classes -four classes called Four Varnas as prescribed by the God. But Yathartha Geeta doesn’t believe in segmentation of human beings. The thing that leads to such division is the Karma action – the ritual of meditation.
5. Yathartha Geeta has directed attention towards the fact that the Karma prescribed by Lord Krishna is a specified Karma. There has to be a proper ritual for it. Usually people continue to do something or the other; isn’t that Karma? Yogeshwar Krishna has explicitly clarified in Chapter Three that, activity that is done other than this Yajna is ‘Karma’ which creates a bond. The Karma prescribed by Geeta is such that having learnt it you would be freed of all the bonds of the World.
6. The meaning of the Yajna described by Yathartha Geeta is astounding. Till date not a single treatise has described that, inhaling and exhaling of breath itself is Yajna. The exhaling of breath is a Yajna and holding of breath is Yajna. Having faith in one divinity, servitude of the divine teacher and such fourteen steps are described for the performance of Yajna.
The activity, Yogeshwar Krishna was hinting at is perhaps the Meditation techniques. The precise Karma of Geeta aims at following the steps of this technique and the result of the Karma is the realisation and entry within the omnipotent Brahma!
7. It is falsely believed in the society that only the people of upper caste can perform Yajna. It is fallaciously believed that the people of low community and the foreigners have no right to perform Yajna, chant ‘Aum’ or enter a temple. But it has been clarified in Yathartha Geeta that the treatise of Geeta does not prescribe any such rituals Performed by such people. But the Geeta prescribes that every human being has a right to perform such yajna. Geeta says in verse 31 of chapter of 4 that, without Yajna, it is not possible to gain human life again, how will it be possible to obtain liberation (moksha) Ephemeral is the root cause of all anguishes in this life, but since you are blessed with the human body, worship me. All those who are humans have a right to worship god.
8. It is customary to worship multiple of deities. Yogeshwar Krishna describes worship of other deities as the product of idiotic mindset or insatiable lust and ignorance of the people. He says that the God is only one truth and take recourse to that. Geeta believes in one god.
9. Yathartha Geeta has explained that the Geeta is a religious treatise for all the people of the world. It doesn’t belong to only Hindus or saints, but is very much religious treatise for the human beings spread out in various religious sects such as Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Parsee, Buddhists or Jains or any other religion by any other name. According to Geeta the man is a unit. His temperament is either divine or formed by his natural instincts. Every human being is either divine or devilish. In fact, there is no precise caste or sect of a human being. One can attain supreme peace by following the teachings of Geeta.
10. Geeta doesn’t entice you that you can attain heaven or terrify you with the thoughts of hell after the death. Geeta berates the happiness of the heaven and cautions you against the pain and unhappiness at the end. Geeta enables you to perceive, feel and immerse within the Supreme Being. Such a state doesn’t exist after the death. It is attainable very quickly. You must engross yourself with entire trust and you can experience him in this mortal body itself.
11. After reading Yathartha Geeta faithfully for three to four times, you would come to realise that, the God about whom you have been hearing till now, has already begun to guide you. Once you come to realise this truth, you will forget about being a Christian, a Jew, a Hindu or a Muslim, a Jain or a Buddhist. You would realise that in this vast world only you have the human form. You are the essence of divinity, He is your image and He is your ultimate destination. And the way to attain it is, Geeta.
12. It is explicitly mentioned in Geeta that, in order to attain the divinity, one will have to follow the prescribed path or do the precise Karma. Without that nobody has been able to ever achieve the goal nor we will be able to achieve it. The entire meditation technique has been described stepwise in Geeta. It would be a great mistake to ignore the practice of the dictates of Geeta or not to know about it.
13. Yathartha Geeta makes it explicit that human body is like a garment. Just as one discards old clothes and puts on new, the soul (Atma) discards old body and adopts a new one. Being male or female is just like having different shapes of the garment. There are two types of males in the world. Body or form of all being is or Changing male. When all senses including the mind are conquered then he becomes male. He can no longer be destroyed. This is the status of complete devotion. In various societies women are either respected or looked down upon. However as shown in Yathartha Geeta, anyone dedicating the self to ‘me’ (God) attains ‘moksha’ whether one is man or woman.
14. The most important point on which Yathartha Geeta emphasises is that the key to understand Geeta is through ‘Yogeshwar’ or an enlightened Guru. Otherwise even a learned intelligent person doesn’t have that capability. When Geeta was discoursed among millions whose ears and the eyes were open, but there were only two listeners – Arjun and Sanjay who were blessed with divine perception.
In accordance with Yathartha Geeta, as soon as you begin to study the teachings of the Geeta, the God would guide you to the right Guru. You will be guided from within. Your doubts would be dissolved. You will be awakened from within and would gradually proceed on the path of divinity.